Rapid globalisation, a product of the 21st century has created a number of by-products, most noticeable among them, the steady migration of people from rural to urban areas, leading to an exponential growth in size of cities, with all their attendant problems like water and air pollution, increasing quantities of garbage, lack of space, crime, distribution of limited resources etc. The influx of people into already crowded areas has created huge challenges for town planners, law enforcers and municipal bodies. Management of sewage, garbage and burgeoning traffic vie for attention with the need to distribute resources like electricity, water and gas and the need to keep a constant vigil on the streets to curb criminal activity.
A 'Smart City' is a city or town, that is highly advanced in terms of sustainable infrastructure, open spaces, natural resources, communication systems, with effective means to control water / air pollution and waste management. Information and communication technology is usually the binder that is used to link diverse inputs required for setting up an effective and efficient city management system.
- Sewage Treatment Plants
In an intelligent water system, treated wastewater that would have been discarded previously is aggressively utilized in residential and industrial areas as recycled water. In addition, the operational data from each water treatment plant is managed centrally as water infrastructure information, thereby enabling efficient operation of each facility.
- Utilities Management
The world's smart cities saw the advantages that could accrue by linking all three of the city's utilities, starting with installing smart-grid technology and deploying smart meters. By integrating the electric, water and gas meters, many cities have drastically cut their reliance on meter readers. The technology can also quickly identify water leaks before they become major problems.
- Traffic Regulation and Monitoring
Mobility around a city is of critical value for residents, businesses and visitors. With rising disposable incomes, people are increasingly opting for personal vehicles for greater mobility and flexibility. However, the growth in numbers of vehicles has far outpaced the ability of city corporations to effectively ensure smooth flow of traffic in all areas. Since manpower is limited and usually stretched, it is essential that technology is used to assist traffic controllers. The technology includes CCTV cameras, remotely operated and sensor operated bollards, boom barriers, smart sign boards and a control / monitoring room.
- Fire Detection, Location and Alarm
- Surveillance with Smart Cameras
- Multi layered communication
- On line health monitoring
- On line grocery shopping
- Children Safety Measures / School Bus Tracking
- Hydroponic Cultivation